Dieties of the Oglala Sioux

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The Oglala mythology places their God figures in four ranks, with four dieties in eah rank, having prestige and precedence according to rank and place in rank.

First Rank: Superior Gods

      The Superior Gods include:

    • Wi (the Sun), chief of the Gods;

    • Skan (the Sky), the Great All-Powerful Spirit;

    • Maka (the Earth), the ancestress of all upon the world and provider for all;

  • Inyan (the Rock), the primal source of all things.

Second Rank: Associate Gods


      The Associate Gods include:

    • Hanwi (the Moon), created by Wi to be his companion;

    • Tate (the Wind), created by Skan to be his companion;

    • Unk (Contention), created by Maka to be her companion, but who was cast into the waters and is the Goddess of the Waters and ancestress of all evil beings;

  • Wakinyan (Winged One), created by Inyan to be his active associate.

Third Rank: the Subordinate Gods


      The Subordinate Gods include:

    • Ta Tanka (The Buffalo God), the patron of ceremonies, of health, and of provision.

    • Hu Nonp (the Bear God), the patron of wisdom

    • Wani (the Four Winds), the vitalizer and weather

  • Yum, (the Whirlwind), the God of chance, of games, and of love.

Fourth Rank: The Inferior Gods


      The Inferior Gods include:

    • Nagi, (the Spirit);

    • Niya, (the Ghost);

    • Sicun, (the Intellect);

    • Nagila (the immaterial self of irrational things)

These sixteen Gods are each a personal manifestation of one Supreme Being, called Wakan Tanka, (the Great Mystery).


The Oglalla Dieties    |    Relationships of the Oglala Gods